The first major Nazi concentration camp, located near Munich. Operating from 1933 to 1945, the site served as an early model for future camps. Initially established for the incarceration of political prisoners, Dachau expanded into a large system of subcamps holding tens of thousands of prisoners and forced laborers, many of them Jews. When American forces liberated Dachau on April 26, 1945, there were 67,655 registered prisoners in the Dachau complex.

Map of the Dachau Camp System near Munich, Bavaria, Germany. 

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum