Nuremberg Race Laws

Two anti-Jewish laws passed in Nazi Germany in September 1935 and announced during a Nazi Party rally in the city of Nuremberg, collectively known as the Nuremberg Race Laws. These laws created a legal definition of who was Jewish, restricted the rights of Jews, and limited interactions between Jewish and non-Jewish Germans. The Nuremberg Race Laws prepared the legal foundation for subsequent anti-Jewish legislation of the Nazi regime and were central to policies to exclude Jews from German society.

The Reich Citizenship Law defined a citizen as a person “of German or related blood.” This law excluded Jews and other groups from German citizenship and political participation on the basis of race.

The Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor banned marriage and sexual relations between individuals “of German or related blood” and Jews. Jews were defined as persons with three or four Jewish grandparents; persons with one or two Jewish grandparents were defined as “Mischlinge,” or mixed-race individuals who were classified as neither German nor Jewish. This law was also applied to persons of Roma or African descent.