Reichstag refers to the governing institution of the German parliament (1871-1945) as well as to the actual parliament building in the German capital of Berlin. On February 27, 1933, an arsonist set fire to the Reichstag building. The Nazis, led by Hitler, blamed the fire on Communist agitators and used the event to suspend constitutional rights (Reichstag Fire Decree). This decree gave expansive power to the government and was instrumental in solidifying Nazi control over the government in 1933.