Refers to a compensation, usually in form of a payment to the victim, for an injury or loss.

After the Kristallnacht pogroms of November 9-10, 1938, during which thousands of Jewish businesses and institutions were looted, pillaged, and burned, the Nazi government declared the Jewish community responsible for the violence and imposed a fine of one billion Reichsmark (c. $400 million at the time) in restitution for damages.